"Religion is a basic fact of human culture and it appears at the very beginning of human societies."
– Oscar Ichazo

History of Religion

Oscar Ichazo takes the reader on a journey through the history of religion, exploring its evolution in different cultures. There is a common denominator between all religions in directing themselves toward the Spirit. This religious instinct is found in every culture and in all times. Based on burial practices, there is no question that our most primitive human ancestors had a religious attitude.

Ichazo's Insight

One of the most fascinating aspects of this book is how Ichazo explores the interplay between religion and morality. He argues that morality has become ingrained in religion, and that our understanding of right and wrong is shaped by our religious beliefs. This is a powerful insight that sheds light on the ethical dilemmas that we face in our modern world.

Ichazo's writing is clear and engaging, and his insights are thought–provoking and compelling. Whether you're a believer or a skeptic, this book is sure to challenge your assumptions and deepen your understanding of the role that religion plays in our world.

The Religious Consciousness is essential for anyone interested in religion, philosophy or culture.

Phenomenal book that reviews a large cross section of Western philosophy and its incremental changes in the last 200 years. Worth several reads and deep study.
—Michael, Austin, Texas USA

The Religious Consciousness is a great treasure, which brings an illuminating clarity to the study of Western religion. Ichazo elaborates on what Aristotle and Plato considered the highest Good for a human being, which is the Transcendental experience of Unity. I give The Religious Consciousness the highest possible praise and strongly recommend it as a remedy to the secondhand spirituality of belief and faith that has failed utterly to address the multiple crises of survival of our species in these times.
—Larry, Olympia, Washington USA

Photo of Oscar Ichazo, the founder of the Arica School which is the root of a new tradition.

About the Author

Oscar Ichazo is the originator of Integral Philosophy, which includes the Enneagram Theory of the Ego–Fixations. His groundbreaking work underscores the need to recognize human behavior from its lower levels to its higher understanding in order to meet the challenges of the current global situation and climate crisis. From this higher perspective, and with a unified effort based on an objective ethical understanding, we can face our planet's existential challenges with Unity and focus.